This pathology is quite slow and evolves over several years. The stagnation of bacteria in the dental plaque is at the origin of an inflammatory reaction on the gum and the bone inducing their destruction over the months and it can affect some teeth or all teeth.
A thin invisible film of salivary origin is permanently deposited on the teeth and gums. It is quickly invaded by bacteria which takes the name of dental plaque. These germs adhere to teeth and to each other, thanks to a sticky substance they produce from food. Some are responsible for gum disease. Others promote the development of cavities
- Brushing teeth and gums morning and evening to disorganize dental plaque and thus prevent its development. The more important it is, the more it becomes harmful for the teeth and the gums.
- Chewing, tongue movements and speech partly remove plaque.
- Daily use of dental floss to remove food remains and bacteria from the spaces between the teeth.
- Regularly descaling and polishing the teeth. Depending on the state of health of your gums, your dentist may advise you on additional procedures.
- Gum bleeding when brushing or when eating is a symptom of periodontal disease. It should therefore be taken care of as it can have an impact on general health and periodontal disease can worsen over time.
- The absence of bleeding when brushing your teeth or during meals does not mean the absence of periodontal disease.
- Retraction of the gums, which makes the teeth appear longer.
- Loss, displacement and creation of space between teeth .
- Spontaneous loss of teeth.
The presence of any of these symptoms requires a complete periodontal examination at your dentist.