Types of braces:
Orthodontics and invisalign
If you have any of the following characteristics, you may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment:
- Over-articulated, sometimes called “rabbit teeth” – where the upper anterior teeth lie too far forward (protrude) over the lower teeth.
- Prognathism – a “bulldog” appearance where the lower teeth are too far forward or the upper teeth too far back.
- Crossing – when the upper teeth do not descend slightly in front of the lower teeth during normal occlusion.
- Open Bite – the space between the bite surfaces of the front and / or side teeth when the rear teeth bite together.
- Displaced midline – when the center of your upper front teeth does not line up with the center of your lower front teeth.
- Spacing – spaces, or spaces, between teeth due to the absence of teeth or teeth that do not “fill” the mouth.
- Crowding – when there are too many teeth for the tooth ridge to accommodate.
- Metal/traditional braces: Traditional braces are made of metal. They include brackets that are attached to the front of your teeth or bands that fit around each tooth, as well as flexible wires or arch wires that hold the brackets or bands together. Some braces also include rubber bands or metal ties that link the brackets to the wire. These bands create more pressure to help straighten and align your teeth. Sometimes, your orthodontist will have you wear a device called headgear at night. It provides added pressure to help straighten your teeth. You can put it on and take it off.
- Ceramic braces: The brackets in traditional braces are now also made in tooth-colored ceramic, so you don’t notice them as much. They can also be made with stainless steel, clear materials, or gold.
- Lingual braces: The brackets on these braces are attached to the backs of your teeth, facing your tongue. Lingual braces are harder to see.
- Clear aligners: You might also hear them called invisible braces. These are clear plastic trays that fit snugly onto your teeth. They use pressure to gently move your teeth into the correct positions and straighten your smile. You remove the aligners to eat, brush, or floss, but you should keep them in at least 22 hours each day for them to work. The orthodontist may also place tooth-colored attachments onto your teeth to hold the aligners in place.