Soft tissue grafting
Tissue grafting is necessary when the quantity and quality of gum tissue are inadequate. Recession can cause dentinal hypersensitivity and other cosmetic problems. A transplant is also necessary when there is a need for dental restorations.
What is tissue grafting?
Tissue grafting is similar to connective tissue grafting but does not require removal from the palate. The transplant comes from a human donation and is very safe because all cellular elements have been removed. Of all donations, only 10% will be kept and processed to create periderm. The gingival graft makes it possible to re-thicken and restore height to the gum. This technique is restorative and preventive, it helps to strengthen the tissues and protect the teeth. The tooth may appear longer, but it is the root that is stripped, so it has a greater risk of tooth decay and hypersensitivity. Gingivitis and periodontal disease are primary contributors to the recession.
On the other hand, when the recession is too affected, there is the possibility of bone loss and it is difficult to attach the graft to it, a bone graft may also be necessary. Restrictions apply for the transplant, people with general illnesses such as diabetes, high blood pressure can often go untreated, so it is important to notify the attending dentist. You should also notify the dentist when you are a smoker. Smoking is one of the causes of periodontal disease. It is therefore strongly recommended to quit smoking 2 weeks before and at least 1 month after the operation.
What is the procedure ?
During the surgery, a small incision will be made at the level of the gum to be treated. The site will be cleaned and a graft will be inserted between the bone and the gum tissue. Once the graft is properly installed, stitches will close the site, so it will be important to follow the post-surgical indications.